On Tuesday, the Senate Plenary Assembly approved (2) a draft bill amending the City Statute to introduce a requirement to include urban mobility analysis among the issues to be taken into account in the preparation of previous neighborhood impact studies, is used to measure the effects of project construction. School subjects ( PL 169/2020) goes to presidential sanction.

The bill, which was created in the Chamber of Deputies, was submitted by Senator Zequinha Marinho (Podemos-PA), who voted in favor of the proposal.

Initial neighborhood impact study (EIV) is one of the instruments of urban urban policy provided for in the regulation City Statute (10,257 lei, since 2001). The general objective of this instrument, inspired by the Environmental Impact Study (EIA), is to analyze and inform in advance the population and municipal authorities of the consequences of implementing certain projects considered to have a serious impact on neighboring areas, in order to minimize possible undesirable consequences and promote positive effects of the project for society.

Since the EIV is a municipal management instrument to be applied in addition to the normal rules of land division, use and development, it is up to municipal law to determine what type of enterprise will be included in the preparation of the Study Plan, in accordance with the City Statute. However, federal law specifies, among other general principles, what dimensions of the surrounding urban dynamics should be analyzed and taken into account in the EIV. These dimensions include traffic generation and demand for public transport. The bill changes the law to add urban mobility (which also includes non-motorized travel) to the list of variables to be examined. The change will now take into account the impact of the new developments on active ways of traveling, such as cycling, scooters and walking.

“Without downplaying the importance of motorized travel for the smooth functioning of a city, it is important to emphasize that active travel, whether undertaken on foot or by non-motorized vehicles such as bicycles, scooters and others, profoundly impacts neighborhood dynamics as they are generally designed to cover shorter distances associated with carrying out everyday activities, such as using local shops and services, or even using public transport. Changes to the conditions of use of this category of travel therefore have a direct impact on the quality of life of residents and users of facilities in the vicinity or vicinity. In this sense, it seems appropriate to expand the scope of the EIV to assess not only the impact on transport modes and infrastructure related to motorized travel, but also on those related to active modes of transport,” emphasizes Zequinha Marinho in his report.

Non-motorized transport

The proposal was presented to the Chamber of Deputies in 2016 as a result of research work carried out by the Center for Strategic Studies and Debates (Cedes) of that Chamber. The justification indicated the need to update the text of the City Statute to include, in the issues that should be analyzed by the EIV, the concept of urban mobility, which fits into the traditional approach to urban travel, focused on public transport and street traffic, non-motorized means of transport and their infrastructure.

Before voting in plenary, Act PL 169/2020 (originally PL 5.011/2016) was approved on March 5 by the Senate Committee on Regional Development and Tourism (CDR).

Agência Senado (reproduction authorized based on the quote from Agência Senado)