European Union negotiators backed a deal to reclassify millions of people working in ride-hailing and food delivery apps as employees, under a set of rules that could cost the industry billions of euros every year.
The tentative agreement will require platforms to give full status to the estimated 5.5 million workers who meet at least two of five conditions that indicate their relationship with the apps falls under that of an employee rather than someone who works for a job. own account, the EU said in a statement. on Wednesday.
These conditions include: limits on workers' remuneration, supervision of performance, control of the distribution of tasks, control of working conditions and hours, and rules regarding appearance and conduct, including restrictions on freedom of organization.
The status of couriers and drivers using apps, such as those offered by Uber It is Deliver, has been a point of controversy around the world. While many of the apps claim they offer riders flexibility and freedom to self-employment, some labor activists said they offer too few protections.
“This is a revolutionary agreement and the first legislative framework for digital platform workers,” said Elisabetta Gualmini, the parliament’s lead author. “We have better rights for the world’s least protected workers and we have fair competition for platforms.”
The agreement will also require platforms to inform workers when they are being monitored or managed by algorithms, which could result in a lack of transparency for workers about how decisions are made and how their personal data is used, the statement said. Platforms will not be authorized to process certain types of personal data, including private conversations and information that can be used to infer race, political opinions, migration or health status.
An Uber spokesperson said the company supports efforts to “improve working conditions and demand protections for platform workers in Europe” but said it looks forward to “legal clarity” as the final text emerges. Still, there are fears that stricter labor rules will lead to cuts at delivery platforms. A similar law passed in Spain two years ago prompted Deliveroo to withdraw from the country and other food delivery apps to scale back their operations. Member States will have two years to incorporate the rules. Bloomberg



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